Knowledge Translation Strategy to Reduce the Use of Potentially Inappropriate Medications in Hospitalized Elderly Adults
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OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of a knowledge translation (KT) strategy to reduce potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) use in hospitalized elderly adults. DESIGN: Segmented regression analysis of an interrupted time series. SETTING: Teaching hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 75 and older discharged from the hospital in 2013/14 (mean age 83.3, 54.5% female). INTERVENTION: The KT strategy comprises the distribution of educational materials, presentations by geriatricians, pharmacist-physician interventions based on alerts from a computerized alert system, and comprehensive geriatric assessments. MEASUREMENTS: Rate of PIM use (number of patient-days with use of at least one PIM/number of patient-days of hospitalization for individuals aged ≥75). RESULTS: For 8,622 patients with 14,071 admissions, a total of 145,061 patient-days were analyzed. One or more PIMs were prescribed on 28,776 (19.8%) patient-days; a higher rate was found for individuals aged 75 to 84 (24.0%) than for those aged 85 and older (14.4%) (P < .001), and in women (20.8%) than in men (18.6%) (P < .001). The drug classes most frequently accounting for the PIM were gastrointestinal agents (21%), antihistamines (18%), and antidepressants (17%). An absolute decrease of 3.5% (P < .001) of patient-days with at least one PIM was observed immediately after the intervention. CONCLUSION: A KT strategy resulted in decreased use of PIM in elderly adults in the hospital. Additional interventions will be implemented to maintain or further reduce PIM use.
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