Singularities in the lineshape of a second-order perturbed quadrupolar nucleus. The magic-angle spinning case
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For a nucleus with a half-integral spin and a strong quadrupole coupling, the central transition (from magnetic quantum number -1/2 to +1/2) in the spectrum shows a characteristic lineshape. By strong coupling, we mean an interaction strong enough so that second-order perturbation theory is needed, yet still sufficient. The spectrum of a static sample is well-known and the magic-angle-spinning (MAS spectrum) is different, but still can be calculated. The important features of both these spectra are singularities and steps in the lineshape, since these are the main tools in fitting the calculated spectrum to experimental data. A useful tool in this investigation is a plot of the frequency as a function of orientation over the surface of the unit sphere. These plots have maxima, minima and saddle points, and these correspond to the features of the spectrum. We used these plots to define both the positions and derive new formulae for the heights of the features and we now extend this to the magic-angle spinning case. For the first time, we identify the orientations corresponding to the features of the MAS spectra and derive formulae for the heights. We then compare the static and MAS cases and show the relationships between the features in the two spectra.
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