# A closed form for unitons Academic Article

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### abstract

• Unitons, i.e.\ harmonic spheres in a unitary group, correspond to \lq uniton bundles\rq, i.e.\ holomorphic bundles over the compactified tangent space to the complex line with certain triviality and other properties. In this paper, we use a monad representation similar to Donaldson's representation of instanton bundles to obtain a simple formula for the unitons. Using the monads, we show that real triviality for uniton bundles is automatic. We interpret the uniton number as the `length' of a jumping line of the bundle, and identify the uniton bundles which correspond to based maps into Grassmannians. We also show that energy-\$3\$ unitons are \$1\$-unitons, and give some examples.

• July 1998