Suspended sediment concentration and deformation of riverbed in a frazil jammed reach Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • The presence of ice in rivers affects hydrodynamic conditions through changes in both the river's boundary conditions and its thermal regime. Therefore, the characteristics of sediment transport and the deformation of the river channel in ice-covered rivers are quite different from those experiencing conventional open channel flow. The variables of ice behavior, ice jamming extent, sediment transport, and deformation of the riverbed during ice periods are interrelated on the basis of both physical arguments and field experiments of river ice jams in the Hequ Reach of the Yellow River. The characteristics of sediment concentration in water, frazil ice, and ice cover are described. Analyses have been made on the mechanism of the evolution of frazil jam and the associated adjustments in the riverbed. It has been found that the evolution of the ice jam and the deformation of the riverbed reinforce each other. The interrelationship between the particular features of evolution of ice jam and deformation of riverbed is summarized here in the form of regression relationships relating the hydraulic parameters of water under ice jams to the deformation-extent of the riverbed and the jamming-extent.Key words: deformation of riverbed, evolution of frazil jam, frazil jam, suspended load, sediment concentration.

publication date

  • December 1, 2000