Polarization-independent grating coupler for micrometric silicon rib waveguides
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Grating couplers are a promising approach to implement efficient fiber-chip coupling. However, their strong polarization dependence makes dual-polarization operation challenging. In this Letter we propose, for the first time, a polarization-independent grating coupler for thick rib silicon-on-insulator (SOI) waveguides. Coupling efficiency is optimized by designing the grating pitch and duty cycle, without varying the bottom oxide thickness, which significantly simplifies practical implementation. Directivity of the grating coupler is enhanced by a high reflectivity layer under the bottom oxide after the selective removal of the Si substrate. Dual-polarization coupling efficiency of -2.8 dB is shown.
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