Detection of an Involvement of the Human Mismatch Repair Genes hMLH1 and hMSH2 in Nucleotide Excision Repair Is Dependent on UVC Fluence to Cells
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There is conflicting evidence for the role of the mismatch repair (MMR) genes hMLH1 and hMSH2 in the transcription-coupled repair (TCR) pathway of nucleotide excision repair. In the present work, we have examined the role of these MMR genes in nucleotide excision repair using two reporter gene assays. AdHCMVlacZ is a replication-deficient recombinant adenovirus that expresses the beta-galactosidase reporter gene under the control of the human cytomegalovirus immediate early promoter. We have reported previously a reduced host cell reactivation (HCR) for beta-galactosidase expression of UVC-irradiated AdHCMVlacZ in TCR-deficient Cockayne syndrome (CS) fibroblasts compared with normal fibroblasts, indicating that HCR depends, at least in part, on TCR. In addition, we have reported that UVC-enhanced expression of the undamaged reporter gene is induced at lower UVC fluences to cells and at higher levels after low UVC fluences in TCR-deficient compared with normal human fibroblasts, suggesting that persistent damage in active genes triggers increased activity from the human cytomegalovirus-driven reporter construct. We have examined HCR and UV-enhanced expression of the reporter gene in hMLH1-deficient HCT116 human colon adenocarcinoma cells and HCT116-chr3 cells (the MMR-proficient counterpart of HCT116) as well as hMSH2-deficient LoVo human colon adenocarcinoma cells and their hMSH2-proficient counterpart SW480 cells. We show a greater UV-enhanced expression of the undamaged reporter gene after low UVC exposure in HCT116 compared with HCT116-chr3 cells and in LoVo compared with SW480 cells. We show also a reduced HCR in HCT116 compared with HCT116-chr3 cells and in LoVo compared with SW480 cells. However, the reduction in HCR was less or absent when cells were pretreated with UVC. These results suggest that detection of an involvement of hMLH1 and hMSH2 in TCR is dependent on UVC (254 nm) fluence to cells.
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