Using self-reported and objective measures of self-control to predict exercise and academic behaviors among first-year university students Academic Article uri icon

  • Overview
  • Research
  • Identity
  • Additional Document Info
  • View All


  • Thirty students (mean age = 18 ± 0.5 years) completed self-report (Self-Control Scale) and objective (isometric handgrip squeeze performance) measures of self-control, provided their exercise and academic (study/schoolwork) plans for the next month, and then logged these behaviors over the subsequent 4-week period. Trait self-control predicted exercise and academic behavior. Handgrip squeeze performance predicted academic behavior and adherence to academic plans. Further, regression analysis revealed that trait self-control and handgrip performance explained significant variance in academic behavior. These findings provide a new understanding of how different self-control measures can be used to predict first-year students’ participation in, and adherence to, exercise and academic behaviors concurrently.


  • Stork, Matthew J
  • Graham, Jeffrey D
  • Bray, Steven
  • Martin Ginis, Kathleen A

publication date

  • July 2017