Pathomechanics of Peripheral Nerve Loading
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Peripheral nerve injury is a common occurrence, with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) receiving the most attention. Nerve dysfunction associated with compression syndromes results from an interruption or localized interference of microvascular function due to structural changes in the nerves or surrounding tissues. This article reviews the physiologic, pathophysiologic, and histologic effects of compressing peripheral nerves in animal models, and then examines the evidence for similar processes in humans using CTS as a model.
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