Protein Adsorption and Cell Adhesion/Detachment Behavior on Dual-Responsive Silicon Surfaces Modified with Poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)-block-polystyrene Copolymer
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Diblock copolymer grafts covalently attached to surfaces have attracted considerable attention because of their special structure and novel properties. In this work, poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)-block-polystyrene (PNIPAAm-b-PS) brushes were prepared via surface-initiated consecutive atom-transfer radical polymerization on initiator-immobilized silicon. Because of the inherent thermosensitivity of PNIPAAm and the hydrophobicity difference between the two blocks, the modified surfaces were responsive to both temperature and solvent. Moreover, the diblock copolymer brushes exhibited both resistance to nonspecific protein adsorption and unique cell interaction properties. They showed strong protein resistance in both phosphate-buffered saline and blood plasma. In particular, fibrinogen adsorption from plasma at either room temperature or body temperature was less than 8 ng/cm(2), suggesting that the surfaces might possess good blood compatibility. In addition, the adhesion and detachment of L929 cells could be "tuned", and the ability to control the detachment of cells thermally was restored by block polymerization of hydrophobic, cell-adhesive PS onto a thicker PNIPAAm layer. In addition to providing a simple and effective design for advanced cell-culture surfaces, these results suggest new biomedical applications for PNIPAAm.
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