Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension: Diagnostic Accuracy of the Transverse Dural Venous Sinus Attenuation on CT Scans Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is a clinical disorder of unknown etiology. It may exhibit several non-specific imaging findings. We observed that patients with intracranial hypertension demonstrate intracranial venous sinus attenuation with changes in the contour and caliber of the distal transverse sinus. This can be seen on routine non-contrast sagittal reformatted CT images of the brain. We have termed this the venous attenuation sign (VAS). This study evaluated the VAS as a marker for IIH assessing the transverse sinuses on sagittal reformatted non-contrast CT for the presence of a VAS in 25 patients with IIH and 24 control patients. Scans were independently assessed in a blinded fashion by three readers. The readers identified the VAS in 96% of patients with IIH; 83.3% of the control patients were negative for VAS. Our study supports the VAS as an additional imaging marker which may be incorporated into the evaluation of patients suspected to have this condition.

authors

  • Ibrahim, Yosra Abdelzaher
  • Mironov, Oleg
  • Deif, Ahmed
  • Mangla, Rajiv
  • Almast, Jeevak

publication date

  • December 2014