Intermediate cutaneous leishmaniasis caused byLeishmania (Viannia) braziliensissuccessfully treated with fluconazole
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American cutaneous leishmaniasis is an endemic anthropozoonosis that exhibits a broad spectrum of clinical presentations. Intermediate/borderline disseminated cutaneous leishmaniasis is a distinct clinical condition that comprises cutaneous disease of a chronic nature, usually occurring as multiple lesions with or without mucosal involvement. The disease is usually caused by parasites of the subgenus Viannia, frequently occurs in context of an underlying disease, and is often resistant to standard antileishmanial therapy. We report a case that was refractory to standard therapy and other second-line drugs, but resolved after treatment with fluconazole, and review the use of fluconazole as a second-line drug in children.
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