The effects of nocturnal compared with conventional hemodialysis on mineral metabolism: A randomized‐controlled trial Journal Articles uri icon

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  • AbstractHyperphosphatemia is common among patients receiving dialysis and is associated with increased mortality. Nocturnal hemodialysis (NHD) is a long, slow dialytic modality that may improve hyperphosphatemia and disorders of mineral metabolism. We performed a randomized‐controlled trial of NHD compared with conventional hemodialysis (CvHD); in this paper, we report detailed results of mineral metabolism outcomes. Prevalent patients were randomized to receive NHD 5 to 6 nights per week for 6to 10 hours per night or to continue CvHD thrice weekly for 6 months. Oral phosphate binders and vitamin D analogs were adjusted to maintain phosphate, calcium and parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels within recommended targets. Compared with CvHD patients, patients in the NHD group had a significant decrease in serum phosphate over the course of the study (0.49 mmol/L, 95% confidence interval 0.24–0.74; P=0.002) despite a significant reduction in the use of phosphate binders. Sixty‐one percent of patients in the NHD group compared with 20% in the CvHD group had a decline in intact PTH (P=0.003). Nocturnal hemodialysis lowers serum phosphate, calcium‐phosphate product and requirement for phosphate binders. The effects of NHD on PTH are variable. The impact of these changes on long‐term cardiovascular and bone‐related outcomes requires further investigation.


  • Walsh, Michael
  • MANNS, Braden J
  • TONELLI, Marcello
  • HEMMELGARN, Brenda
  • CULLETON, Bruce

publication date

  • April 2010

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