Prenatal percutaneous needle drainage of cystic sacrococcygeal teratomas
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Prenatal ultrasound (US) permits in utero diagnosis of sacrococcygeal teratoma (SCT), follow-up of tumor size, and the early identification of complications, allowing for a more timely and appropriate delivery. The recommended management of large SCTs is delivery by cesarean section (CS) to prevent dystocia, tumor rupture, hemorrhage, and death. However, even delivery by CS can be difficult, necessitating a large hysterotomy that adds to maternal morbidity. The authors report two cases of cystic SCTs in which prenatal percutaneous drainage allowed for an uncomplicated vaginal delivery. In the first case, a large unilocular cystic SCT was diagnosed at 31 weeks' gestation on prenatal US. The fetal presentation was breech, and the mass was steadily increasing in size, preventing spontaneous version. At 37 5/7 weeks, the cyst was percutaneously drained under US guidance allowing for successful external version. Repeat drainage just before induction of labor permitted a successful vaginal delivery. In the second case, the cystic SCT was percutaneously drained just before induction of labor at full term, again allowing for an uncomplicated vaginal delivery. Prenatal percutaneous needle drainage of cystic SCTs offers an alternative to CS that results in decreased risks for both mother and fetus.
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