Expression of Retrovirally Transduced IL-1 α in IL-6-Dependent B Cells: A Murine Model of Aggressive Multiple Myeloma
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Retroviral-mediated gene transfer was employed to introduce an IL-1 alpha cDNA into an IL-6-dependent murine B-cell line. Bone marrow metastases and bone lesions were frequently observed following intravenous injection of these B cells into syngeneic mice. Because the retroviral vector also contained the neomycin phosphotransferase gene, metastatic cells could be easily recovered from bone marrow by addition of G418 to the culture medium. Interestingly, the metastatic B cells were found to retain their IL-6 dependency through several transplant generations. By comparison, intravenous injection of autonomously-growing B-cell lines generated in vitro by retroviral introduction of an IL-6 cDNA rarely resulted in bone marrow metastases. These results demonstrate that abrogation of growth factor dependency is neither necessary nor sufficient for the in vivo growth and dissemination of tumor cells in this experimental system. It is proposed that the increased metastasis of the IL-1 alpha-producing B-cells to bone marrow is due to alterations in cell adhesion molecules. The B-cell bone marrow metastasis model described here may be useful for studies of bone marrow homing and for evaluation of therapeutic regimens for multiple myeloma.
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