Cervical repening and labor induction with prostaglandin E2 gel: A placebo-controlled study
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A randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of a single intracervical application of prostaglandin E2 gel on the ripening of the cervix and on the subsequent induction of labor with oxytocin in patients with low Bishop scores (less than or equal to 4). Compared to controls receiving gel only, the group receiving prostaglandin E2 gel had significant increases in their cervical Bishop scores, shorter induction-to-delivery intervals, shorter time requiring use of oxytocin, and more successful labor induction without oxytocin. Systemic side effects were minimal and fetal outcomes were comparable, as were the routes of delivery.
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