The contribution of histamine to the action of bradykinin in the human nasal airway
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Bradykinin, 10 to 1000 micrograms given by aerosol into the nasal cavity of normal, healthy volunteers, produced a dose-related increase of nasal airway resistance. Bradykinin also reduced the minimal nasal cross-sectional area (Amin), increased albumin release into nasal lavage fluid and increased the symptoms of nasal inflammation. Pretreatment with cetirizine (10 mg orally) reduced the fall in Amin induced by bradykinin, 300 micrograms, but not by bradykinin, 100 micrograms. Pre-treatment of the subjects with the H1 histamine receptor antgonist cetirizine (10 mg, orally) or terfenadine (60 mg, orally) 3 h before bradykinin administration caused significant reduction of the bradykinin-induced increase in nasal airway resistance in the upper range of bradykinin doses (300-1000 micrograms) but not in the lower range (10-100 micrograms). Cetirizine reduced the albumin release into the nasal airway and the symptoms induced by bradykinin, 1000 micrograms. Following nasal challenge with bradykinin 300 micrograms or 1000 micrograms, no increase could be detected in the histamine content of nasal lavage fluid. Isolated human nasal cells released histamine in response to bradykinin, 33 and 100 microM, anti-IgE and calcium ionophore, A23187. We conclude that the actions of bradykinin in the human nasal airway are, in part, accounted for by the release of histamine.