Binary Inference for Primary User Separation in Cognitive Radio Networks Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • Spectrum sensing receives much attention recently in the cognitive radio (CR) network research, i.e., secondary users (SUs) constantly monitor channel condition to detect the presence of the primary users (PUs). In this paper, we go beyond spectrum sensing and introduce the PU separation problem, which concerns with the issues of distinguishing and characterizing PUs in the context of collaborative spectrum sensing and monitor selection. The observations of monitors are modeled as boolean OR mixtures of underlying binary sources for PUs. We first justify the use of the binary OR mixture model as opposed to the traditional linear mixture model through simulation studies. Then we devise a novel binary inference algorithm for PU separation. Not only PU-SU relationship are revealed, but PUs' transmission statistics and activities at each time slot can also be inferred. Simulation results show that without any prior knowledge regarding PUs' activities, the algorithm achieves high inference accuracy even in the presence of noisy measurements.

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publication date

  • April 2013