Optimal Anticoagulant Therapy in ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction Interventions
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Bivalirudin is a direct thrombin inhibitor. It is a new recommendation for the treatment of patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. Bivalirudin combined with aspirin and P2Y12 inhibitors has proved to be an effective and safe choice for the management of thrombus in coronary artery disease. The use of bivalirudin compared with the combination of heparin plus glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors as anticoagulant therapy is associated with reduced severe bleeding and inpatient mortality, as well as diminished costs. There is only a slight increase of late stent thrombosis, which may be controlled with the use of thienopyridines.