Baroreflex Sensitivity is Associated with Sleep-Related Breathing Problems in Adolescents
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OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship between sleep-related breathing problems (SRBPs) and baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) among adolescents and assesses whether body mass influences this relationship. STUDY DESIGN: SRBPs were assessed in 106 adolescents aged 11-14 years using the Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated, and 5 minutes of continuous beat-to-beat blood pressure (Finapres) and R-R interval were recorded (standard electrocardiogram) after 15 minutes of supine rest. Spectral indices were computed using fast Fourier transform, and transfer function analysis was used to compute BRS. RESULTS: Regression analyses indicate an interaction between BMI and SRBPs (b=-.151, P=.015) on BRS. Graphing the interaction showed that those with higher SRBP scores had lower BRS but that this effect was stronger for those with higher BMI. CONCLUSIONS: Adolescents with elevated SRBP scores had lower BRS. In addition, higher BMI amplified the risk of higher SRBP scores on BRS.
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