Five-year comprehensive outcomes evaluation in 181 patients after laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication
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BACKGROUND: We conducted an objective followup of 181 patients after laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication during a 5-year period after surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Patients underwent 24-hour pH recording, esophageal manometry, and symptom score assessment for six gastroesophageal reflux disease symptoms preoperatively and at 6 months, 2 years, and 5 years after surgery. RESULTS: Laparoscopic fundoplication was associated with a significant (p < 0.0001) increase in lower esophageal sphincter pressure and a significant (p < 0.0001) drop in duration of acid reflux in 24 hours, and symptom score, 6, 24, and 60 months after surgery when compared with preoperative values. Twenty-one patients (12%) have experienced recurrence of reflux-type symptoms, but only six have required repeat surgery. Lower esophageal sphincter tone dropped between 6 months and 5 years after surgery, but was still an effective antireflux barrier. Patient satisfaction with surgery dropped over the 5-year followup but remained high, at 86%, after 5 years. CONCLUSIONS: Laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication remains an effective antireflux procedure at 5 years.
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