Variation in physical and biological properties of solid gold sodium thiomalate on dissolution: an electron microscopic and energy dispersive spectroscopic study.
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The dissolution of solid gold sodium thiomalate (GSTM) in water results in loss of yellow color. We studied the initial reaction on dissolution. It was associated with the disappearance of 2 absorption peaks on ultraviolet spectrum, one a well defined peak at 335 nm and the other a shoulder at 370 nm. This solution caused platelet aggregation and on transmission electron microscopy, dense gold containing particles measuring 125 nm are seen. Within 10 min of onset of dissolution, no gold containing particulate matter was detectable on electron microscopy. By 20 min, fibrillar particles measuring 40-150 nm appear. These resembled in general morphology and element composition the particles seen within aurosomes in platelets treated with Myochrysine (GSTM) and in synovium and other tissues by other workers. Our data elaborate on previous physical and chemical studies and correlate with morphological variations of gold containing particles at different phases. These variations in GSTM may be due to polymer size and/or structural change within the polymer. The biochemical significance of our data should provide better understanding of the biological effects of these gold thiol compounds in vivo.
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