This paper describes the design, evaluation, and application of a new system for quantifying two-dimensional collagen fiber orientation in soft tissue. Series of transmitted polarized light images were collected using a custom-designed macroscope. Combined analysis of pixel brightness, and hue from images collected with a compensator plate, permitted the assignment of each pixel into the appropriate orientation band. Experiments were performed to quantify the linearity and noise of the system. Validation was performed on a specimen composed of strain-birefringent plastic strips at various orientations. Preliminary collagen fiber orientation data is presented from a tendon specimen. This study demonstrates the utility of this approach for studying collagen fiber orientation across large areas.