A Systematic Review of Head-to-Head Comparison Studies of the Roland-Morris and Oswestry Measures' Abilities to Assess Change Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • PURPOSE: To determine if the sensitivity to change of Roland-Morris Questionnaire (RMQ) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) scores differ when applied to patients with low back pain (LBP). A secondary purpose was to critique the methodological rigour of the identified head-to-head comparison studies. METHODS: A systematic review of five online databases was performed to locate head-to-head comparison studies of the RMQ and the ODI that assessed the sensitivity to change of the two measures. Studies were eligible if they met a pre-determined set of inclusion criteria. A newly developed quality criteria form was used to evaluate the methodological rigour of head-to-head comparison studies. RESULTS: Nine articles met the inclusion criteria. Although there was a statistically significant difference in favour of the RMQ for two studies, there was no apparent consistent advantage of one measure over the other. Frequent methodological deficiencies included no formal sample size calculation, no formal between-measure comparison, and no independent reference standard. CONCLUSION: There was no consistent evidence supporting one measure over the other. Many studies displayed methodological deficiencies.

publication date

  • April 2013