Bone mineral status after treatment of malignant lymphoma in childhood and adolescence
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The relationship between bone mineral mass and cumulative dose of corticosteroids (CDC) was investigated in 42 children and adolescents treated for Hodgkin disease (HD; n = 22) and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL; n = 20). The median age at the time of the study was 24.1 years for HD survivors and 14.1 years for NHL survivors. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry [bone mineral density of the lumbar spine (LS-BMD) expressed as Z-scores] and peripheral quantitative computed tomography at the distal radius [trabecular volumetric BMD (vBMD-trab)] were undertaken. Osteopenia (Z-score < -1.00) was found in 9/22 patients with HD and 10/20 with NHL, while 34% (HD = 6, NHL = 8) had a vBMD-trab below the normal range. The CDC correlated inversely with LS-BMD Z-score (r =-0.41, P = 0.007). There was a statistically significantly higher vBMD-trab in patients who received low (1-4 g/m(2)) compared with high (>or=20 g/m(2)) CDC (P = 0.031). Treatment of malignant lymphoma with high CDC is a risk factor for development of osteopenia.
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