Neuroendocrine probes of serotonergic function: A critical review
- Additional Document Info
- View All
Neuroendocrine probes of serotonergic function are based on the premise that serotonin (5-HT) exhibits an excitory influence on the release of certain anterior pituitary hormones and that the extent of release of these hormones following a challenge with a 5-HT agonist would provide an index of central 5-HT activity. This paper critically reviews studies published to date on healthy volunteers to assess the validity of tests of serotonergic function. Using standardized criteria, it is concluded that although extensive data is available on 5-HT-neuroendocrine probes, there is no test that is currently available that would fulfil all the proposed requirements for a test to be acceptable, although ipsapirone, m-chlorophenylpiperazine (m-CPP), and possibly fenfluramine challenge tests come very close. The rapid development and availability of more specific and stereo-selective 5-HT agonists/antagonists seem to indicate that it will not be too long before a valid neuroendocrine test for the assessment of serotonergic function emerges.
has subject area