Serotonin, depression, and cardiovascular disease: sex-specific issues
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The comorbidity of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and depression/anxiety disorders is well established, but the mechanisms are not well understood. This paper will review the epidemiological and biological evidence for the role of depression in CVD, as well as the pathophysiological process underlying both depression and CVD. The focus will be on the roles of serotonin, platelets, and the immune system, with an emphasis on the relevance of sex differences in both depression/anxiety and CVD as they pertain to women.
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