Identification of Caveolin-1 as a Fatty Acid Binding Protein
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In an attempt to identify high affinity, fatty acid binding proteins present in 3T3-L1 adipocytes plasma membranes, we labeled proteins in purified plasma membranes with the photoreactive fatty acid analogue, 11-m-diazirinophenoxy[11-3H]undecanoate. A single membrane protein of 22 kDa was covalently labeled after photolysis. This protein fractionated with caveolin-1 containing caveolae and was immunoprecipitated by an anti-caveolin-1 monoclonal antibody. Furthermore, 2D-PAGE analysis revealed that both the alpha and beta isoforms of caveolin-1 could be labeled by the photoreactive fatty acid upon photolysis, indicating that both bind fatty acids. The saturable binding of the photoreactive fatty acid suggests caveolin-1 has a lipid binding site that may either operate during intracellular lipid traffic or regulate caveolin-1 function.
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