Evidence for a Na+H+ antiport in stomach smooth muscle cells
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Single smooth muscle cells were isolated from circular muscle of the canine gastric corpus by collagenase incubation. Cytoplasmic pH (pHi) of these cells was measured fluorometrically using the trapped dye 2',7'-bis(carboxyethyl)-5,6-carboxyfluorescein. Cells were examined for their Na+/H+ exchange activity after intracellular acidification. Cells acid-loaded by propionate exposure, the NH4+ prepulse technique or suspension in a Na+-depleted medium regained almost normal pHi upon exposure to a Na+ medium. The Na+-dependent alkalinization was amiloride sensitive. As well, addition of amiloride to cells suspended in a Na+ medium caused a concurrent decrease in pHi. The study indicates that a Na+/H+ antiport is present in these smooth muscle cells.
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