Differential effects of interleukin-1 and formylmethionylleucylphenylalanine on chemotaxis and human endothelium adhesivity for A549 tumor cells.
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We investigated the effects of formylmethionylleucylphenylalanine (FMLP), interleukin-1 alpha (IL1 alpha) and interleukin-1 beta (IL1 beta) on tumor cell chemotaxis and tumor cell/endothelial cell adhesion. Chemotaxis of A549 human lung carcinoma cells was measured as the number of tumor cells which migrated across a nitrocellulose filter in a Boyden chamber. Tumor cell/endothelial cell adhesion was measured as the number of 125IUdR tumor cells adherent to monolayers of endothelial cells. Confluent monolayers of human umbilical endothelial cells were incubated from 10 to 240 minutes with FMLP, monocyte-derived interleukin-1, or recombinant IL1 alpha or IL1 beta. The endothelial cells were washed and then incubated with 125IUdR-tumor cells. Thirty minutes later the number of adherent tumor cells was assessed isotopically. Our results demonstrate that (a) interleukin-1 but not FMLP, has chemotactic activity for tumor cells, and (b) both FMLP and interleukin-1 enhance tumor cell adhesion to the endothelium independent of any chemotactic activity. Furthermore, we demonstrate that IL1 alpha and IL1 beta have different effects on tumor cell/endothelial cell adhesion, and raise the possibility that IL1 alpha but not IL1 beta is continuously synthesized and stored within the endothelium. We postulate that IL1 alpha and IL1 beta influence tumor cell/endothelial cell adhesion independent of chemotaxis through the expression of adhesive receptors on the endothelial cell surface.
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