Interleukin-1 increases tumor cell adhesion to endothelial cells through an RGD dependent mechanism: in vitro and in vivo studies
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The effects of human recombinant interleukin-1 alpha and beta (rIL-1 alpha; rIL-1 beta) on the adhesion of human A549 lung carcinoma cells and M6 melanoma cells (TC) to human endothelial cells (HECs) in vitro were studied, and on TC/lung entrapment in vivo. In vitro, there was a significant increase in TC/HEC adhesion to HECs pretreated for 4 h with rIL-1 alpha or rIL-1 beta. The effects of rIL-1 alpha and beta on TC/HEC adhesion were time dependent and reached a plateau within 4-6 h. TC/HEC adhesion was not blocked when measured in the presence of antibodies to either fibronectin, glycoprotein IIb/IIIa, anti-ICAM, or anti-LFA. However, enhanced TC/HEC adhesion was completely blocked in the presence of the peptide, GRGDS. In vivo, pretreatment of nude mice for 4 h with rIL-1 alpha (given i.p. before i.v. injection of TCs) enhanced TC retention in the lung 24 h later. Our data demonstrate that IL-1 enhances TC adhesion to the vascular surface both in vitro and in vivo, suggesting that IL-1 can facilitate the metastatic process.
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