Neuromodulation of frontal and temporal cortex by intravenous d-fenfluramine: an [15O]H2O PET study in humans
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This study assessed the modulatory effect of a serotonergic agonist, d-fenfluramine, on localized neuronal firing as indexed by changes in regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF). Previously, we reported the effect of oral d, l-fenfluramine on neuronal activity as measured by change in [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose uptake. Improvements in the current study include: a more specific serotonin agonist, d-fenfluramine; a more reliable administration route, intravenous; and a one session paradigm made possible with the radiotracer [15O]H2O. Changes in relative rCBF (P < 0.001) were observed: increases within the frontal cortex bilaterally and decreases within the temporal cortex bilaterally, and left thalamus. Other significant findings were elevated cortisol and growth hormone; increased euphoria and panic symptoms and decreased tiredness. These results support further investigation with intravenous d-fenfluramine to study the net functional effects of serotonergic stimulation in health and illness.
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