A survey of resources and activities in the MISPHO family of institutions in Latin America: A comparison of two eras
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BACKGROUND: In developing countries, implementation of effective pediatric cancer programs can reduce the overall rate of childhood mortality. To promote this objective, Monzas International School of Pediatric Hematology-Oncology (MISPHO)--for 14 countries with limited resources in Latin America--was launched in 1996. METHODS: A survey was conducted to evaluate the possible impact of MISPHO on the following areas: research, educational, and clinical activities, diagnostic services, transfusion medicine, supportive care, ancillary staffing complement, and parents' associations--before and after 1996. RESULTS: No institution lost resources or activities after 1996 and there were overall gains, in particular in educational activities, diagnostic capabilities, creation of single and multiple institutional treatment protocols. CONCLUSIONS: Although notable improvements have occurred, there are still important needs that have to be satisfied.