Characteristics of Arterial Plasma Membrane in Renovascular Hypertension in Rats
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Protein content, enzymatic activites and Ca2+ accumulation capacities were studied in plasma membrane fractions isolated from mesenteric arteries of rats made hypertensive by renal artery stenosis with and without contralateral nephrectomy, i.e., one-kidney, one clip (1-KHR) and two-kidney, one clip (2-KHR) hypertension, respectively. Both types of renovascular hypertension showed similar vascular plasma membrane abnormalities which included increased total protein contents, enhanced alkaline phosphatase activities and reduced ATP-dependent Ca2+ accumulation compared to control values. The altered alkaline phosphatase activity and ATP-dependent Ca2+ accumulation appeared to be associated with blood pressure elevation in both types of hypertension and may be related to the elevation of blood pressure insensitive to captopril (SQ 14,225) in 1-KHR and 2-KHR. These results are consistent with the current concept of biochemical abnormalities of arterial smooth muscle in the development ostem.
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