Uptake and release of calcium by canine gastric corpus smooth muscle plasma membrane enriched fraction
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Calcium movements across plasma membrane enriched vesicles isolated from canine gastric corpus smooth muscle were investigated. The ATP-dependent Ca2+ uptake increased with time up to 10 min. The uptake for the initial 2-min period was approximately linear with time. The apparent initial velocity of the ATP-dependent Ca2+ uptake increased monotonically with free Ca2+ concentration from 0.1 to 2 microM, and further increases in free Ca2+ concentration did not increase the Ca2+ uptake. The free Ca2+ dependence curve could be described with a Hill coefficient of approximately 1.0 and Km of 0.85 +/- 0.01 microM for free Ca2+ concentration. Passive Ca2+ uptake (reaction time = 1 h) also increased with increasing free Ca2+ concentrations from 0.02 to 4.0 mM. Dilution of loaded vesicles in isotonic media containing EGTA led to initial rapid loss (less than 1 min) followed by a slower release which showed simple exponential decay. The t 1/2 values of the slower Ca2+ loss from these vesicles were 16.1 +/- 0.9 min (actively loaded n = 5) and 18.4 +/- 0.9 min (passively loaded n = 3), respectively. Dilution in isotonic medium containing both EGTA and A23187 released all the sequestered Ca2+ from these loaded vesicles.
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