Neurotensin receptors in canine intestinal smooth muscle: preparation of plasma membranes and characterization of (Tyr3−125I)-labelled neurotensin binding
- Additional Document Info
- View All
To study the binding of (Tyr3-125I)-labelled neurotensin to intestinal muscle, plasma membranes have been purified from dog intestinal circular smooth muscle. Purification was done by differential centrifugation followed by separation on a sucrose gradient. Electron microscopic study revealed that the dissected circular muscles used as the source of membranes were free of myenteric plexus and that the plasma membrane fraction obtained was free of any mitochondria or synaptosomes. The fraction used was obtained at the interface of 14%-33% sucrose density on the gradient and was 25-times enriched in the plasma membrane marker enzyme 5'-nucleotidase activity as compared to post-nuclear supernatant. This fraction contained negligible activity of mitochondrial membrane marker enzyme cytochrome c oxidase and low activity of a putative endoplasmic reticulum marker enzyme NADPH-cytochrome-c reductase. This membrane fraction contained a high density of neurotensin binding sites. This binding was studied by kinetic and by saturation approaches. Analysis of data from saturation binding studies by the computer programs (EBDA and LIGAND) suggested the presence of a two-site model (Kd1 = 0.118 nM, Kd2 = 3.18 nM, Bmax1 = 9.73 fmol/mg and Bmax2 = 129.8 fmol/mg). A part of specifically bound neurotensin was rapidly dissociated. No cooperativity between the two receptor types could be detected. A kinetic analysis of binding gave the Kd value equal to 0.107 nM. Carboxy terminal amino acid residues 8-13 were found to be essential for the binding activity and replacement of Tyr11 by tryptophan reduced the affinity of the peptide by 10 times in displacement studies. Binding was modulated by sodium ions and a guanine nucleotide Gpp[NH]p. MgCl2, CaCl2 and KCl were also found to reduce the specific binding. Evidence was found of a high specific binding to another membrane fraction poor in plasma membranes and rich in synaptosomes. We concluded that plasma membrane of canine intestinal circular muscle contains neurotensin receptors with recognition properties distinct from those obtained in previous studies of neurotensin binding sites in murine tissues. Another neurotensin binding site may be present on neuronal membranes.
has subject area