α2-Adrenergic receptors on the circular smooth muscle of canine small intestine
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We have studied the distribution and properties of alpha 2-adrenergic receptors in the circular muscle layer (containing deep muscular plexus) of canine small intestine. Using radioactivity labelled rauwolscine, we located the binding sites to the neuronal membranes supporting the prejunctional action of alpha 2-adrenergic agents in the gut. Moreover, although the functional data to suggest the existence of postjunctional alpha 2-adrenergic receptors coupled to contraction are not available so far, we measured a substantial number of rauwolscine binding sites on the smooth muscle plasma membranes. Scatchard and Hill analyses of the saturation data were indicative of the presence of a single high affinity site (Hill coefficient 0.996) with a KD value of 8.8 nM and the maximum number of binding sites (Bmax) of 313 fmol/mg of protein. Competition studies suggested the presence of multiple subtypes of alpha 2-adrenoceptors.
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