Myogenic NOS in canine lower esophageal sphincter: enzyme activation, substrate recycling, and product actions
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Depolarization elicited outward K+ currents from canine lower esophageal sphincter (LES) muscle cells, primarily through iberiotoxin (IbTX)- and tetraethylammonium-sensitive Ca(2+)-dependent K+ channels. Current magnitudes varied with pipette Ca2+ concentration (EC50 = 108.5 nM). NG-nitro-L-arginine (L-NNA, 10(-4)M), IbTX (10(-8)M), or buffering intracellular Ca2+ to 8 nM decreased outward currents > 80%. Sodium nitroprusside (NaNP, 10(-4)M) restored L-NNA-inhibited or low intracellular Ca2+ concentration (not IbTX)-inhibited currents. L-NNA or IbTX application depolarized LES cells from -43 to -35 mV. NaNP restored the membrane potential to -46 mV after L-NNA but not after IbTX application. Nifedipine (30 microM) reduced outward currents and abolished or reduced L-NNA or NaNP effects, respectively. Immunocytochemistry revealed the presence of both argininosuccinate synthetase and argininosuccinate lyase in LES muscle cells. L-Citrulline, like L-arginine, reversed L-NNA inhibition of outward currents; only L-arginine reversed inhibition of outward currents by an antibody to argininosuccinate synthetase. Therefore, endogenous nitric oxide production, activated by Ca2+ entrance involving L-type Ca2+ channels, may continuously enhance outward currents to modulate LES muscle cell membrane potential and excitability.
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