Delineation of key XRCC4/Ligase IV interfaces for targeted disruption of non-homologous end joining DNA repair Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • Efficient DNA repair mechanisms frequently limit the effectiveness of chemotherapeutic agents that act through DNA damaging mechanisms. Consequently, proteins involved in DNA repair have increasingly become attractive targets of high-throughput screening initiatives to identify modulators of these pathways. Disruption of the XRCC4-Ligase IV interaction provides a novel means to efficiently halt repair of mammalian DNA double strand break repair; however; the extreme affinity of these proteins presents a major obstacle for drug discovery. A better understanding of the interaction surfaces is needed to provide a more specific target for inhibitor studies. To clearly define key interface(s) of Ligase IV necessary for interaction with XRCC4, we developed a competitive displacement assay using ESI-MS/MS and determined the minimal inhibitory fragment of the XRCC4-interacting region (XIR) capable of disrupting a complex of XRCC4/XIR. Disruption of a single helix (helix 2) within the helix-loop-helix clamp of Ligase IV was sufficient to displace XIR from a preformed complex. Dose-dependent response curves for the disruption of the complex by either helix 2 or helix-loop-helix fragments revealed that potency of inhibition was greater for the larger helix-loop-helix peptide. Our results suggest a susceptibility to inhibition at the interface of helix 2 and future studies would benefit from targeting this surface of Ligase IV to identify modulators that disrupt its interaction with XRCC4. Furthermore, helix 1 and loop regions of the helix-loop-helix clamp provide secondary target surfaces to identify adjuvant compounds that could be used in combination to more efficiently inhibit XRCC4/Ligase IV complex formation and DNA repair.

publication date

  • February 2014

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