Infection with adenovirus type 12 (Ad12) induces four fragile sites in the human genome (H.F. Stich, G.L. van Hoosier, and J.J. Trentin, Exp. Cell Res. 34:400-403, 1964; H. zur Hausen, J. Virol. 1:1174-1185, 1967). The major site, at 17q21-22, contains the U2 gene cluster, which is specifically disrupted by infection in at least a percentage of the cells (D.M. Durnam, J.C. Menninger, S.H. Chandler, P.P. Smith, and J.K. McDougall, Mol. Cell. Biol. 8:1863-1867, 1988). For direct assessment of whether the U2 locus is the target of the Ad12 effect, an artificial locus, constructed in vitro and consisting of tandem arrays of the U2 6-kbp monomer, was transfected into human cells. We report that integration of this artificial locus on the p arm of chromosome 13 creates a new Ad12-inducible fragile site.