The liver plasma membrane Ca2+ pump: Hormonal sensitivity
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The liver plasma membrane Ca2+ pump is supposed to extrude cytosolic calcium out of the cell. This system has now been well defined on the basis of its plasma membrane origin, its high affinity Ca2+ -stimulated ATPase activity, its Ca2+ transport activity, its phosphorylated intermediate. The liver calcium pump appears to be a target of hormonal action since it has been shown that glucagon and calcium mobilizing hormones namely alpha 1-adrenergic agonists, vasopressin, angiotensin II inhibit this system. The present review details the mechanism of calcium pump inhibition by glucagon and points out its difference from the inhibition process induced by calcium mobilizing hormones. We conclude that the inhibitory action of the Ca2+ mobilizing hormones and glucagon on the liver plasma membrane Ca2+ pump might play a key role in the actions of these hormones by prolonging the elevation in cytosolic free Ca2+.
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