The effect of atropine on allergen-induced increases in bronchial responsiveness to histamine.
- Additional Document Info
- View All
We examined the role of cholinergic mechanisms in causing the increase in histamine bronchial responsiveness that follows allergen exposure. Five stable adult atopic asthmatics received inhalation tests with histamine on 2 days after both placebo and a dose of atropine sulphate (18 mg nebulized during tidal breathing), which reduced saliva output. On a third day, an allergen inhalation test was carried out to stimulate a dual asthmatic response. When the FEV1 had returned to within 10% of baseline, the histamine test was repeated after placebo and atropine. Before allergen inhalation, atropine marginally increased the FEV1 (p = 0.12) and reduced bronchial responsiveness to histamine (p = 0.003). When allergen challenge had induced an increase in histamine responsiveness (p = 0.001), atropine again marginally increased FEV1 (p = 0.063) and reduced the responsiveness (p = 0.004) but did not return the responsiveness to the preallergen level (p = 0.023). There was no evidence that the magnitude of the atropine blockade of histamine responsiveness was different before and after allergen (p = 0.92). We conclude that cholinergic mechanisms are not likely to explain the increase in bronchial responsiveness that follows allergen-induced inflammation.
has subject area