Association of renal failure with lewis incompatibility after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation
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The cause of the renal failure that occurs in approximately 20 percent of patients following allogeneic bone marrow transplantation is poorly understood. A patient is described in whom acute renal failure occurred one week after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. The onset of the renal failure was associated with the demonstration of anti-Lewis antibodies in the patient's serum, which could only have been derived from donor lymphocytes. Recovery of renal function coincided with the disappearance of the Lewis antibody. It is postulated that Lewis incompatibility between graft and host tissue may have contributed to the renal failure in this patient and that incompatibility associated with determinants present on renal cells may account for other instances of acute renal failure following allogeneic bone marrow transplantation.
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