Oral and intravenous propranolol during exercise
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The intrinsic sinoatrial (SA) rate at rest and during exercise was measured in 5 normal male subjects after prolonged oral and acute intravenous administration of propranolol and atropine. At rest, the intrinsic SA rate was similar after both oral and intravenous propranolol. At the higher levels of power output on a cycle ergometer, cardiac rate was slower after oral than after intravenous propranolol. When the intravenous study was repeated with the use of an additional dose of propranolol, cardiac rate was lower at comparable levels of power output, but not as low as that after oral propanolol. Differences in responses were interpreted as reflecting varying degrees of beta blockade, the most complete being that after prolonged oral propranolol administration of 320 mg daily. The intravenous dose of propranolol usually used to obtain the "pharmacologically isolated heart" at rest is too small to induce full beta blockade in exercise.
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