The utilization of triacylglycerol in slow oxidative, fast oxidative–glycolytic, and fast glycolytic skeletal muscle fiber types was examined in rats subjected to a prolonged exhaustive swim. Significant reductions of intramuscular triacylglycerol occurred following 2 h and 40 min of swimming in all muscles containing a predominance of slow oxidative and fast oxidative–glycolytic fibers, which possess a high capacity for free fatty acid oxidation. Triacylglycerol content in the soleus decreased by 48%, and reductions of 41, 29, and 27% were measured in the red vastus lateralis, red gastrocnemius, and plantaris muscles, respectively. In the white vastus lateralis and white gastrocnemius muscles (fast glycolytic fibers) triacylglycerol concentrations were unaffected. In all muscles the variability of intramuscular triacylglycerol measurements between animals was 20–50% and the within animal variance (right vs. left hindlimb) was similar. Analytical repeatability was approximately 10% in all muscles and significantly less than the between- and within-animal variances. It was concluded that a real biological variation exists in the triacylglycerol content of all rat skeletal muscles and that intramuscular triacylglycerol is an important energy source during prolonged exercise of moderate intensity.