Exercise Capacity and Ventilatory, Circulatory, and Symptom Limitation in Patients with Chronic Airflow Limitation
- Additional Document Info
- View All
Dyspnea, leg effort (Borg 0 to 10 scale), ventilation, and heart rate (VEmax/VEcap; HRmax/HRcap expressed as a percentage of capacity) were measured at maximal exercise (cycle ergometer) in 97 patients with chronic airflow limitation (CAL) (FEV, 46.6 +/- 14.23% of predicted) and compared with 320 matched control subjects. Patients with CAL achieved a maximum power output of 86 +/- 39.5 W (60 +/- 23.2% of predicted) compared with 140 +/- 37.5 W (98 +/- 14.5% of predicted) in controls (p less than 0.0001), VEmax/VEcap was 72 +/- 19.3% compared with 53 +/- 18.6% (p less than 0.0001), and HRmax/HRcap was 76 +/- 13.5% compared with 82 +/- 13% (p less than 0.001). These findings were expected. The median intensity of dyspnea was 6 (severe to very severe) and leg effort was 7 (very severe) in both groups, and these findings were unexpected. The patients with CAL were handicapped by an increase in both dyspnea and peripheral muscular effort relative to the actual power output. The rating of dyspnea exceeded leg effort in 25 (26%) of CAL versus 69 (22%) control subjects: the rating of leg effort exceeded dyspnea in 42 (43%) CAL and 117 (36%) control subjects; both were rated equally in 30 (31%) CAL and 134 (42%) control subjects, respectively (NS). VEmax/VEcap and HRmax/HRcap were not significantly different in those limited by dyspnea, leg fatigue, or a combination of both. All values are expressed +/- SD.
has subject area