Glycosaminoglycan profiles in cloned granulated lymphocytes with natural killer function and in cultured mast cells: their potential use as biochemical markers.
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Proteoglycans from three cloned, granulated lymphocyte cell lines with natural killer (NK) function (NKB61A2, HY-3, H-1) and one mast cell line (PT-18) were labeled with [35S]sulfate. [35S]proteoglycans were extracted in 1 M NaCl with protease inhibitors to preserve their native structure and were separated from unincorporated [35S]sulfate by Sephadex G-25 chromatography. [35S]proteoglycans from all four cell lines were chromatographed over Sepharose 4B and were found to have a similar range of m.w. The [35S]glycosaminoglycans from each cell line were then separated from parent proteoglycans by treatment with 0.5 M NaOH. The [35S]glycosaminoglycans from the three lymphocyte cell lines exhibited a similar m.w. as assessed by Sepharose 4B gel filtration, whereas the [35S]glycosaminoglycans from the mast cell line chromatographed as a smaller m.w. molecule. [35S )glycosaminoglycan charge characteristics were evaluated with DEAE C1-6B ion exchange chromatography. The consistency of the elution patterns was determined by using [35S]glycosaminoglycans obtained from radiolabelings of each cell line separated by 6 mo in culture. Each NK lymphocyte cell line reproducibly produced two distinct [35S]glycosaminoglycan chains that eluted in two regions well before the commercial heparin marker. The proportions of each chain were dependent upon the specific cell line. The mast cell line produced a single [35S]glycosaminoglycan chain, which eluted overlapping the internal commercial heparin marker, consistent with its higher charge characteristics. [35S]glycosaminoglycans from all cell lines were identified as chondroitin sulfates with the use of specific polysaccharidases. The NK lymphocyte glycosaminoglycans contained chondroitin 4-sulfate disaccharides. The mast cell glycosaminoglycans contained oversulfated disaccharides and chondroitin 4-sulfate disaccharides. Thus, each granulated NK lymphocyte cell line produced chondroitin sulfate glycosaminoglycans that were characteristic of that cell line and of different composition and less charge than those produced by cultured mast cells. These findings demonstrate that glycosaminoglycan profiles are useful biochemical markers in the characterization of diverse granulated cell lines including NK lymphocytes and mast cells.
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