Significance of arming, potentiating and blocking factors as correlates of tumour-host interaction in the hamster SV40 system
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The study of blocking factors requires in vitro assay of cell mediated immunity that parallels the in vivo response. By microcytotoxicity testing, progressor and immune peripheral blood lymphocytes caused significant target cell reduction. The cytotoxicity was specific as no cytotoxic effect was detected against unrelated normal as well as a malignant target cell lines. No anti-tumour effect was noted when progressor peripheral blood lymphocytes were evaluated in the Winn assay. In marked contrast, immune peripheral blood lymphocytes were capable of preventing tumour growth in the Winn assay. Furthermore, hamsters repeatedly immunized with irradiated SV40 tumour cells could resist a live cell challenge. Thus immune peripheral blood lymphocytes were chosen as the effector population to evaluate the abrogation ability of serum in the microcytotoxicity assay.
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