Detection of New Cross-Reacting Carcinoembryonic Antigen(s) on Cultured Tumor Cells by Mixed Hemadsorption Assay2
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Antisera highly specific for carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) from New Zealand White rabbits and a goat reacted strongly in antibody binding tests with cultured tumor cell lines, irrespective of the ability of the cell lines to produce CEA. The most reactive were colon carcinoma and melanoma cell lines, the former known to produce CEA and the latter not associated with CEA production. The reactivity was not diminished by absorption with perchloric acid extracts of normal lung or spleen, whereas absoprtion with purified CEA preparations abolished the reactivity. Quantitative absorption studies indicated that reactivity against CEA-producing cell lines could be totally removed by absorption with other CEA-producing lines but not with melanoma cell lines. Reactivity against melanoma cell lines could be completely removed by colon carcinoma cells as well as by melanoma cells. Antisera raised against purified CEA, after absorption with extracts of normal lung, still contained two populations of antibodies, one that binds a newly described antigen cross-reacting with CEA which is present on melanoma cells.
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