Diagnostic accuracy of dynamic gadoxetic-acid-enhanced MRI and PET/CT compared in patients with liver metastases from neuroendocrine neoplasms
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PURPOSE: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of dynamic-contrast-enhanced (DCE) MRI in comparison to both (18)F-FDG- and (68)Ga-DOTATATE-PET/CT in patients with liver metastases of neuroendocrine neoplasms (NEN). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-two patients with hepatic metastases from NEN were examined both in DCE-MRI and positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT), using either (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose ((18)F-FDG) or (68)Ga-DOTATATE as tracer. DCE-MRI was performed at 3 Tesla with Gd-EOB-DTPA acquiring 48 slices every 2.2 s for 5 min. Three regions of interest (ROIs) representing liver background and liver metastases were defined in fat-saturated T1w three-dimensional GRE MRI sequences in the hepatobiliary phase. Corresponding ROIs were then defined in the DCE-MRI- and in the PET/CT-dataset. Area under the curve (AUC) was calculated for the differentiation between metastases and liver background for DCE-MRI and PET-CT parameters. RESULTS: AUC was very high for SUVmean (mean standardized uptake value) derived from (68)Ga-DOTATATE- (AUC = 0.966), and (18)F-FDG-PET/CT (AUC = 0.989). For DCE-MRI parameters, arterial flow fraction and intracellular uptake fraction showed the highest AUCs (AUC = 0.826, AUC = 0.819, respectively). The combination of those two had an AUC of 0.949. The combination of DCE-MRI and PET-CT parameters resulted in the highest AUC. CONCLUSION: Both PET/CT parameters and DCE-MRI perfusion parameters show a high diagnostic accuracy in the distinction between liver metastases and liver tissue. Our data suggest that both modalities provide complementary information.
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