Guanosine enhances NGF-stimulated neurite outgrowth in PC12 cells
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Guanosine at 30 and 300 microM elicited the de novo extension of neurites from PC12 cells. With saturating concentrations of NGF, guanosine acted in a synergistic manner to enhance neuritogenesis. Adenosine alone also stimulated neurite outgrowth, but did not enhance NGF-induced neuritogenesis. 5'-N-ethylcarboxamidoadenosine (NECA), an adenosine analog and A1/A2 receptor agonist, also alone had neuritogenic effects. It enhanced NGF-induced neuritic outgrowth but not to the same extent as guanosine. However, when NECA was added together with guanosine in the presence of NGF, these compounds elicited a greatly enhanced neuritogenic response. This suggested that the mechanisms through which NECA modulates the neuritogenic effects may be different from those of guanosine and NGF.
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